Abocado - Medium-sweet.
Anejado por - Aged by.
Ano - Year.
Blanco - White.
Bodega - Wine shop, firm or cellar.
Cepa - Vine.
Clarete - Very light red.
Consejo Regulador - Official organization controlling each region's system of Denominacion de Origen.
Cosecha - Harvest vintage.
Criada por - Matured by
Crianza - A red wine with a minimum of 2 years in the barrel (6 months for whites).
Denominacion de Origen (DO) - Controlled quality wine region, equivalent to France's AOC. Every such region possesses its own quality stamp.
Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOC) - A superior quality level, created in 1988, and confusingly similar to Italy's DOCG. So far Rioja is the only region.
Doble Pasta - A wine macerated with twice the normal proportion of grape skins to juice during fermentation.
Dulce - Sweet.
Embottellado - Bottled
Espumoso - Sparkling
Elaborado por - Made by.
Flor - Wine yeast peculiar to sherry that is vital to the development of the fino style
Garantia de Origen - Simple wines that have received little or no oak ageing.
Generoso - Fortified
Gran Reserva - The top quality level for wines. Red must have spent 2 years in oak and 3 years in bottle, or vice versa. Whites must have been aged for 4 years with at least 6 months in cask.
Granvas - Sparkling wine made by the cuve close method.
Joven - Young wine - unwooded, fresh, fruity and modern.
Nuevo - "Nouveau-style" red.
Reserva - Reds matured for a minimum of 3 years, of which at least 1 is spent in cask. Whites and rosados receive 2 years' ageing with at least 6 months in cask.
Rosado - Rose.
Seco - Dry.
Semi-seco - Medium-dry
Sin Crianza - Without wood ageing.
Solera - Traditional system of producing consistent style of sherry or Malaga whereby increasingly mature barrels are topped up-refreshed - with slightly younger wine.
Tintillo - Light red (like clarete).
Tinto - Red.
Vendimia - Harvest, vintage
Viejo - Old.
Vina/Vinedo - Vineyard.
Vino de aguja - Wine with a slight sparkle.
Vino de mesa - Table wine.
Vino de pasta - Ordinary, inexpensive wine, usually light in style.
Vino de la Tierra - Equivalent of France's vin de pays, "country wine" with some regional character.