Wine and styles
Grape varieties
Structure of the wine industry
Spanish Wine Laws
Quality levels
The status of Spanish wines
Reading a label
The Language Of Spain

Abocado - Medium-sweet.

Anejado por - Aged by.

Ano - Year.

Blanco - White.

Bodega - Wine shop, firm or cellar.

Cepa - Vine.

Clarete - Very light red.

Consejo Regulador - Official organization controlling each region's system of Denominacion de Origen.

Cosecha - Harvest vintage.

Criada por - Matured by

Crianza - A red wine with a minimum of 2 years in the barrel (6 months for whites).

Denominacion de Origen (DO) - Controlled quality wine region, equivalent to France's AOC. Every such region possesses its own quality stamp.

Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOC) - A superior quality level, created in 1988, and confusingly similar to Italy's DOCG. So far Rioja is the only region.

Doble Pasta - A wine macerated with twice the normal proportion of grape skins to juice during fermentation.

Dulce - Sweet.

Embottellado - Bottled

Espumoso - Sparkling

Elaborado por - Made by.

Flor - Wine yeast peculiar to sherry that is vital to the development of the fino style

Garantia de Origen - Simple wines that have received little or no oak ageing.

Generoso - Fortified

Gran Reserva - The top quality level for wines. Red must have spent 2 years in oak and 3 years in bottle, or vice versa. Whites must have been aged for 4 years with at least 6 months in cask.

Granvas - Sparkling wine made by the cuve close method.

Joven - Young wine - unwooded, fresh, fruity and modern.

Nuevo - "Nouveau-style" red.

Reserva - Reds matured for a minimum of 3 years, of which at least 1 is spent in cask. Whites and rosados receive 2 years' ageing with at least 6 months in cask.

Rosado - Rose.

Seco - Dry.

Semi-seco - Medium-dry

Sin Crianza - Without wood ageing.

Solera - Traditional system of producing consistent style of sherry or Malaga whereby increasingly mature barrels are topped up-refreshed - with slightly younger wine.

Tintillo - Light red (like clarete).

Tinto - Red.

Vendimia - Harvest, vintage

Viejo - Old.

Vina/Vinedo - Vineyard.

Vino de aguja - Wine with a slight sparkle.

Vino de mesa - Table wine.

Vino de pasta - Ordinary, inexpensive wine, usually light in style.

Vino de la Tierra - Equivalent of France's vin de pays, "country wine" with some regional character.

Wine regions of the world.

History of wine
Choosing Wine
Keeping Wine
Serving Wine
Tasting Wine
Wine and Food
Making of Wine
Maturing Wine
Wine Terminology
Creating A Cellar
Facts And Fallacies
Wine Glossary
Reading Wine Label
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