There are many words to describe smells, but most of us have no training, or little practice, in using them, so we have to relate a wine's smells to something similar. You will hear wines described as "floral", or "fruity" — or even "vegetal".
Rose, violet, acacia, jasmine, orange blossom.
Pepper, clove, licorice, aniseed, cinnamon.
Lemon, grapefruit, blackcurrant, cherry, plum, peach, apricot, apple, melon, gooseberry, pineapple, lychee, raspberry.
Straw, undergrowth, greenery, grass, sweet pepper, mint, asparagus, olive, mushrooms.
Gamey, musky, wet wool/fur, leathery.
Resin, pine, oak, cedar, vanilla.
Singed or roasted notes; tar, toast, coffee, caramel, smoke.
Yeast, sulphur, nail varnish, vinegar, plastic.
Chalky, volcanic, earthy, oily, petrolly.
Nutty, honeyed, buttery, smoky.