Among the many distinctive native grape varieties are:
Thick-skinned grape producing some of the best, appley, Vinhos Verdes.
Makes lively, lemony, dry white wines in the south.
Traditional Vinho Verde variety increasingly used on its own to make delicate, flowery wines.
- Maria Gomes
Adaptable variety used for sparkling wines in Bairrada. Known as Fernao Fires in the south. Fragrant, sometimes spicy.
Small, dark grape making long-lasting, tannic wines in Bairrada.
- Castelao Frances
Widely planted in the south, often known as Periquita
Planted without grafting in the sand at Colares, Ramisco produces firm, scented wines.
- Tinta Roriz
Widely planted in the Douro. Known in the south as Aragonez.
- Touriga Nacional
Important port grape also good for table wines in the Douro and Dao. Powerful and tannic.