Adamado - Sweet.
Adega - Cellar, winery
Branco - White.
Carvalho - Oak.
Clarete - Light red wine.
Colheita - Vintage.
DOC (Denominacao de Origem Controlada) - Portugal's new appellation system which replaced the old RD.
Dolce - Sweet
Engarrafado na Origem - Estate bottled
Espumante - Sparkling
Garrafeira - A wine made from one or more areas and matured for 3 year including one in bottle if red, and for one year including 6 months in bottle if white. Wines must bear a vintage date and have 0.5 per cent alcohol above the minimum. Often, the garrafeira is the "private reserve" of the merchant.
IPR (Indicacao de Proviencia Regulamentada) - The second layer of Portugal's New DOC appellation system.
Licoroso - Sweet fortified wine.
Maduro - Matured (in vat).
Quinta - Farm.
RD (Regiao Demarcada) - Now defunct appellation system, replaced by DOC.
Reserva - A wine from one or several areas from an outstanding vintage. It must contain 0.5 per cent alcohol above the minimum.
Rosado - Rose.
Seco - Dry.
Tinto - Red.
Velho - Old. Reds must be over 3 years old, whites over 2 years old before they may use the term on the label.
Verde - Young, "green" (as in Vinho Verde).
Vinho consumo - Ordinary wine
Vinho generoso - Fortified aperitif or dessert wine
Vinho de mesa - Table wine.
Vinhos Regionaos - Roughly equivalent to the French vins de pays.